Bee a good citizen - first bee hotel survey to help save our pollinators

27 June 2021

Scientists have launched the first ever national citizen science survey on bee hotels, asking the public how they build, place, and maintain them in an effort to help the UK’s solitary bee population.

Supported by the Royal Society’s Summer Science 2021 event, the survey from the Earlham Institute and Bee Saviour Behaviour aims to better understand how they are used and improve guidance for achieving busier bee hotels. 

The data gathered could be used to identify ways to make the most of bee hotels in gardens, parks, and public spaces – including the best building materials and prime location - and inform conservation efforts to boost numbers of solitary bees.

The total area of UK gardens adds up to more land than our nature reserves and national parks combined, giving the public the power to make a positive change for bee populations through interventions that can be participated in where you live. 

Bee hotels make a brilliant tool for creating nesting habitats for solitary bees in urban environments but many are there for merely decorative purposes and few have the durability to make a lasting impact. 

Previous findings from pilot survey research have suggested that a third of bee hotels in the UK are not in working condition due to being poorly installed or not well designed to meet the bees’ needs. 

With a simple five-minute survey, researchers aim to build up a national picture of how people use their bee hotels and how this is having a positive impact on pollinators.

Dan Harris, Founder of Bee Saviour Behaviour, a community-based project in Norwich, said: “When you consider the potentially hundreds of thousands of bee hotels there must be in UK gardens, if we see more beneficial bee hotels then the knock-on effect this would have for pollinators would be huge.

“As a simple citizen step, a bee hotel can be the resource to create a movement of bee saviour behaviour in our towns and cities. The key is ensuring that the bee hotels are brilliant for bees, and that means in design and installation. 

“Our survey will establish how people are using their bee hotels to identify good practice but also to better target community education around how to ensure the public - and the bees that use them - are getting the most out of their bee hotels. 

“Busier bee hotels are a beautiful invitation to connect with nature in your own patch, and a greater understanding of the life cycle of solitary bees can only bring a greater admiration for these incredible pollinators.”


The biggest challenge

Bees contribute to every one in three bites of food we eat. Instead of showing gratitude, the human population has had a huge detrimental impact on the earth’s ecosystems, directly contributing to habitat loss for bees. As well as urban expansion, the rise of industrial agriculture has taken over crucial natural wildflower habitats, severely affecting the demise of the bee population. 

By removing vast areas of the bees’ floral habitat and replacing it with arable and grazing land, bee colonies are disrupted with depleted numbers and scarce pollen supplies. This is magnified by the widespread use of harmful pesticides, which kill-off pollinating insects, including bees. 

“Simply put, the biggest challenge facing UK bees is the impact of humans on the environment,” said Harris. 

“Practically speaking we’re talking about the disappearance of habitat and the introduction of harmful chemicals into the green spaces that bees occupy. The destruction of habitat isn’t all about concrete and urban landscapes. The way humans farm with acres of one crop has a massive impact on bee populations and the biodiversity of these rural areas.”

Mind shift

The citizen science project hopes to achieve a shift in perception and narrative around bee hotels. Existing bee hotels are often misconstrued as a garden feature, with little understanding of how they work or the positive impact they can have on bee populations with minimal effort. 

Evaluating the survey results data, the Earlham Institute and Bee Saviour Behaviour will create campaigns shaped by the findings - helping both the public and the bees to enjoy all that nature has to offer. 

Dr Will Nash, Postdoctoral Scientist at the Earlham Institute, said: “Lots of the science we do at the Earlham Institute involves analysing data to understand more about the natural world. At its heart, that's what this citizen science project is all about - getting that crucial data about bee hotels to really understand how they’re being used by the public. 

“We want to use this data to help nature-lovers make more welcoming and effective spaces for the bee populations they live alongside. The more responses we get the better, as it’ll really help us to examine the trends and patterns in bee hotel usage - by both people and bees - nationwide.”

Professor Carlos Frenk CBE FRS, Chair of the Royal Society’s Public Engagement Committee, said: “Summer Science showcases some of the most exciting research in the UK and invites everyone to ask questions and investigate the world on their doorstep (and beyond).”

“For any scientist, good data is the best companion of a curious mind, and using people-power we can sometimes learn things that are off limits to the most powerful telescope or computer.

“Whether you’re checking in guests to your back garden bee hotel, spotting galaxies among a million stars, or being a cell detective, there are important answers to be found that advance our knowledge and our understanding of the world around us.”

The bee hotel survey is now open, for more info please see:

Notes to editors.

Notes to editors

Please see accompanying images showing bee hotels in use:

Also see the video: ‘Making Brilliant Bee Hotels’ 

Credit for images and video: Bee Saviour Behaviour. 


For further information or if you would like to speak to Dr Will Nash or Dan Harris, please contact: 

Hayley London

Media and Communications Officer, Earlham Institute

07760 438218 


For queries on 25 June, please contact:


Greg Jones

Head of Communications, Earlham Institute

01603 450 895


About Earlham Institute

The Earlham Institute (EI) is a world-leading research Institute focusing on the development of genomics and computational biology. EI is based within the Norwich Research Park and is one of eight institutes that receive strategic funding from Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council (BBSRC) - £5.43m in 2017/18 - as well as support from other research funders. EI operates a National Capability to promote the application of genomics and bioinformatics to advance bioscience research and innovation.

EI offers a state of the art DNA sequencing facility, unique by its operation of multiple complementary technologies for data generation. The Institute is a UK hub for innovative bioinformatics through research, analysis and interpretation of multiple, complex data sets. It hosts one of the largest computing hardware facilities dedicated to life science research in Europe. It is also actively involved in developing novel platforms to provide access to computational tools and processing capacity for multiple academic and industrial users and promoting applications of computational Bioscience. Additionally, the Institute offers a training programme through courses and workshops, and an outreach programme targeting key stakeholders, and wider public audiences through dialogue and science communication activities.


About Bee Saviour Behaviour

Inspiring a community of bee saviour citizens. A not-for-profit taking #savethebees to the streets with education, campaigns and innovation products.


About the Royal Society

The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine. The Society’s fundamental purpose, as it has been since its foundation in 1660, is to recognise, promote, and support excellence in science and to encourage the development and use of science for the benefit of humanity.

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History of Summer Science

The history of Summer Science dates back to 1778 when the President of the Royal Society, Joseph Banks, started ‘conversaziones’. An opportunity for Fellows of the Royal Society to show their latest research and breakthroughs, they have since developed into the annual public Summer Science Exhibition. Visitors in 1896 had their hands x-rayed while those in 1910 could view novel pictures of Halley’s Comet. New technology such as Thomas Edison’s incandescent lamps were exhibited in 1889 while Captain Scott’s Terra Nova expedition to Antarctica 1914 showcased natural history specimens.

Tags: bees